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14004099 feed

Slashdot: Linux 5.3 Released

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
"Linux 5.3 has been released," writes diegocg: This release includes support for AMD Navi GPUs; support for the umwait x86 instructions that let processes wait for short amounts of time without spinning loops; a 'utilization clamping' mechanism that is used to boost interactivity on power-asymmetric CPUs used in phones; a new pidfd_open(2) system call that completes the work done to let users deal with the PID reuse problem; 16 millions of new IPv4 addresses in the 0.0.0.0/8 range are made available; support for Zhaoxin x86 CPUs; support Intel Speed Select for easier power selection in Xeon servers; and support for the lightweight hypervisor ACRN, built for embedded IoT devices. As always, many other new drivers and improvements can be found in the changelog.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


情報元へのリンク
14004073 feed

Slashdot: Online Lenders Publicly Shame Debtors in the Philippines Using Their Facebook Co

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
A man named Roger was surprised to hear from an old college friend after all these years, reports the Philippine Daily Inquirer -- and even more surprised to find out why. What she wanted to know was why he gave her number to an online lending company that was hounding him at that time. The company told her that he was in debt and needed to pay up. Roger took out a loan using the company's app back in May, after seeing an ad on Facebook. His payment had been overdue for a week when the company contacted his college friend. But in fact he didn't give the company her number. The company tapped his contact list, then messaged his college friend to get him to make good on his debt. The company also called his wife and threatened to report him to his boss so he would lose his job. Roger, 26, has since paid back the loan. And he vowed to never use the app again... Roger is not alone. The National Privacy Commission (NPC) has reported receiving 921 formal complaints since July 2018 about online lending companies who publicly shame borrowers to get them to pay up... Three companies are facing cases filed by the NPC for violating the Data Privacy Act of 2012... Privacy Commissioner Raymund Enriquez Liboro earlier released copies of the investigators' fact-finding reports, which recommended criminal prosecution of the board members of the three companies. "The investigation determined that their business practice specifically targets the privacy of persons, practically making a profit out of people's fear of losing face and dignity. These unethical practices simply have no place in a civilized society and must stop," Liboro then said... In an affidavit sent to the NPC, one complainant said Fast Cash threatened to post her selfies on Facebook. Another said the CashLending app changed her profile picture on Facebook to an obscene picture... None of these would have happened unless the users gave permission to these apps. But many users backed into a corner by circumstance didn't have a choice. Roger, for one, said he could not use the app unless he agreed that the company could access his contacts... [T]he NPC argued that although the users gave their approval, the lack of easily understandable and clear information, among other factors, meant that it was not a "valid" consent... Among the charges filed against the companies are noncompliance with the legal requirements of processing personal data, as well as malicious and unauthorized disclosure. Their operators may face imprisonment of up to seven years and fines of not more than P5 million [about $97,000 U.S. dollars] under the Data Privacy Act of 2012. One person who filed a formal complaint with the government later received a discouraging text message from the company in question. "Before you sue us, we already [sent] a text blast to all of your contacts. We know your home address, your office and even your ugly face. Good luck with your privacy law."

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


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14004062 feed

Slashdot: FCC Fails, Robocalls (and Complaints) Increase, Along with Number-Hijacking

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
"Despite new initiatives by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and carriers, robocalls aren't on the wane," reports Forbes. "Americans are still facing a scourge of 200 million unwanted robocalls a day, according to a report from Transaction Network Services (TNS), a major telecommunications network and services company. And nearly 30% of all U.S. calls were negative (nuisance, scam or fraud calls) in the first six months of the year, TNS said..." Nuisance calls jumped 38% from the third quarter of last year, while high-risk calls -- such as scammers targeting identity theft -- were up 28%, TNS said. And the FCC actually saw an 8% increase year-over year in consumer robocall complaints when comparing February-June 2019 to February-June 2018, as cited by TNS in the report. There is a limit to what major U.S. carriers can do. They are only a small part of the problem, TNS said. While 70% of all calls (normal calls and unwanted calls) come from major U.S. carriers, only 12% of the high-risk calls are from the big carriers. That means the problem lies with lesser-known providers... A growing threat is robocall hijacking -- when a subscriber's number is hijacked by a bad guy -- doubling over last year's figure, TNS said. TNS estimates that 1 in 1,700 numbers were hijacked by spoofers in 28 day-period. In the last report the frequency was only 1 in 4,000. In one case of hijacking, a spoofer placed over 36,000 scam calls in a 3-day period according to the TNS report. Another spoofing threat cited in the report is that of legitimate toll-free numbers of leading tech companies. Here, the scammer will claim there is something wrong with the victim's account at the company and try to get personal information. You can stop getting robocalls with a "simple but very effective" solution, according to the article. Both Android and iOS phones have a "Do Not Disturb" option in Settings -- so just enable that for everyone except your own contacts.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


情報元へのリンク
14004054 submission
医療

米疾病予防センターが電子タバコ使用に関連する可能性のある肺疾患の症例カウント方法を変更、症例は70件減少

タレコミ by headless
headless 曰く、

米疾病予防センター(CDC)は12日、リキッド加熱式電子タバコ使用に関連する可能性のある肺疾患の症例カウント方法の変更を発表した(ニュースリリース)。

9月6日時点の症例数は450件だったが、カウント方法変更により9月11日時点では380件まで減少している。新たなカウント方法は、電子タバコ使用による肺疾患と確認済み (confirmed) 、またはほぼ確実 (probable) とみられる場合のみ症例数に含め、可能性があるとして州レベルで調査している段階の症例 (possible) は含めないというもの。一方、電子タバコ使用が原因の肺疾患による死亡者数は1名増えて6名となった。

カウントされる症例は90日以内に電子タバコ製品を使用 (vaping) または何らかの物質を加熱して吸入 (dabbing) した人の胸部X線写真やCTで肺浸潤が確認され、医療記録を精査して他の原因が排除された場合であって、検査で感染症ではないことが確認された場合は「確認済み」、いくつかの検査を行って感染症の可能性が排除された場合が「ほぼ確実」となる。このCDCによる新定義は8月末に各州と共有しているとのこと。

なお、肺疾患の発生とは別件だが、トランプ政権では急増する未成年者による電子タバコ使用への対策として、タバコ以外のフレーバー付き電子タバコを市場から排除する意向を示している。米食品医薬品局 (FDA) はこれを受け、今後数週間のうちにコンプライアンスポリシーを仕上げる予定だという。CDCでもこれを支持する声明を発表している。調査によると米高校生の4分の1が過去30日以内に電子タバコを使用したことがあり、フルーツやメンソール、ミントなどのフレーバーが人気とのことだ。

14004056 feed

Slashdot: 'King of Kong' Billy Mitchell Argues He Was Framed for Donkey Kong Cheating, Thr

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
"Billy Mitchell, the former Donkey Kong and Pac-Man high-score champion made famous in the 2007 film The King of Kong, has threatened legal action against the sanctioning bodies who threw out all of Mitchell's high scores in April 2018 after finding that two were illegitimate," reports Polygon. This week, lawyers for Mitchell sent a letter to Twin Galaxies and Guinness World Records demanding that both "retract their claims against Billy Mitchell" and restore the scores to their world record leaderboards, where Mitchell had been a fixture since the early 1980s... The letter to Twin Galaxies alleges that it defamed Mitchell, both in its findings and in later posts to their website. In banning Mitchell, Twin Galaxies also vacated records that were not in question, and banned Mitchell from further participation in their leaderboards. One of Mitchell's records thrown out was a "perfect score" in Pac-Man (reaching the maximum number of points available in its 255 levels). Mitchell's attorneys say Twin Galaxies implied that score was tainted by cheating, too. Guinness, say the lawyers, cited that disqualification in its 2019 Gamers Edition compilation of records in saying that Mitchell's "submitted scores were obtained while using [the emulator] MAME," which the attorneys take to mean as applying to all of Mitchell's scores, from 1982 to present day. They say that is factually incorrect and also impossible, as MAME was created in 1997... The letter also alleges that Twin Galaxies "did not provide Billy Mitchell fair opportunity to provide evidence to prove his innocence," and that "specific evidence was accepted, while evidence of equal stature was rejected." A 156-page package summarizing Mitchell's defense has been posted in Reddit's videogame speedrunning forum. It argues that the documentary's makers actually have filmed footage in which a videotaped high-score attempt at Funspot Arcade is clearly announced to be "not a score submission. This is for entertainment purposes only." And while the film-makers show that score being submitted, "this was only acting done for the movie...the scoreboard shown by the movie was forged.... Actually, in the King of Kong movie, the tape I hand Doris Self is a WWE Wrestling tape, not my 1,047,200 performance... The movies portrayal that I submitted this performance is fictitious." Mitchell's documents argue that that score was submitted later -- without his permission -- by a referee for Twin Galaxies, arguing that the footage suffers from a compromised chain of custody. The documents even include emails written by the owner of the web site fuckbillymitchell.com "saying he has a 'master plan' to take Billy Mitchell down," along with statements from two separate witnesses who say that man had even at one point asked for help in how to fake footage of a videogame. "I find the current accusation of Mitchell too close to exactly what Richard planned in 2009 to be overlooked."

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


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14004043 feed

Slashdot: Inspired By Harry Potter, 150 Colleges Now Have Quidditch Teams

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
A reporter for SFGate describes what happened when he tried out for the quidditch team at the University of California at Berkeley: The person throwing me what's called a "quaffle" (actually a slightly deflated volleyball) looked at me to make sure I'm ready. I gave them a head nod and grip my "broom" (a PVC pipe), ready to run. "GO!" I run 20 feet and turn back to catch the ball. Success! But as I take my next step, I get decked by team captain Dara Gaeuman, fall to the ground, drop the quaffle, re-grab the quaffle, get back up, run over to the hoop and score. It's a triumphant moment for my post-healthy, 33-year-old self, regardless of the fact that this a drill. On the first day of practice. Of a sport I'm playing for the first time. With people who likely weren't born when the first Harry Potter book came out.... [I]n 2005, a pair of students at Middlebury College -- Xander Manshel and Alex Benepe -- translated quidditch into a non-flying sport. The game used to be played on wooden brooms until a few years ago when the game got too rough. There are still chasers (offensive players), beaters (defenders), seekers, keepers (like a goalie in hockey or soccer) and quaffles (again the balls, stay with me here) and bludgers (slightly deflated dodgeballs). But here the snitch is actually a person with sock-like pouch attached to their lower back that has to be snatched by the seekers, while the snitch tries to evade them... Almost 15 years after its inception, real-world quidditch has grown into a global phenomenon, with an International Quidditch Association (IQA) that has a World Cup every two years, a couple of semi-pro leagues, several regional and national leagues and more than 150 colleges and universities with club teams. During practice, Chanun Ong, a sophomore returning for his second year on the team, tells a freshman, "I wasn't a big Harry Potter fan, but this sport is pretty legit." There's a short video of the quidditch practice, and the the article's author remembers some crucial advice he received from one of the players. "Scrunch your body down if someone is about to throw a bludger at you, so you're a harder target to hit." Although he also acknowledges that most of the people watching the two-hour practice "were passersby trying to figure out what the hell is going on."

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


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14004036 feed

Slashdot: The Next Energy-Efficient Architecture Revolution: A House Built By Robots

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
"Erecting a new building ranks among the most inefficient, polluting activities humans undertake," reports Qz. "The construction sector is responsible for nearly 40% of the world's total energy consumption and CO2 emissions, according to a UN global survey. A consortium of Swiss researchers has one answer to the problem: working with robots." Over four years, 30 different industry partners joined a team of experts at ETH Zurich university for a cutting-edge "digital fabrication" project: building the DFAB House. Timber beams were assembled by robots on site, it used 60% less cement, and it features some amazing ceilings printed with a large-scale 3D sand printer. "This is a new way of seeing architecture," says Matthias Kohler, a member of DFAB's research team. The work of architects has long been presented in terms of designing inspiring building forms, while the technical specifics of construction has been relegated to the background. Kohler thinks this is quickly changing. "Suddenly how we use resources to build our habitats is at the center of architecture," he argues. "How you build matters." DFAB isn't the first building project to use digital fabrication techniques. In 2014, Chinese company WinSun demonstrated the architectural potential of 3D printing by manufacturing 10 single-story houses in one day. A year later, the Shanghai-based company also printed an apartment building and a neoclassical mansion, but these projects remain in the development phase. Kohler explains that beating construction speed records wasn't necessarily their goal. "Of course we're interested in gaining breakthroughs in speed and economy, but we tried to hold to the idea of quality first," he says. "You can do things very, very fast but that doesn't mean that it's actually sustainable...." Beyond the experimental structure in Switzerland, Kohler and Dillenburger explain that they're interested in fostering a dialogue with the global architecture and construction sectors. They've published their open-source data sets and have organized a traveling exhibition titled "How to Build a House: Architectural Research in the Digital Age," opening at the Cooper Union in New York this week.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


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14004031 feed

Slashdot: Ask Slashdot: Can A Lack of Privacy Be Weaponized?

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
Slashdot reader dryriver asks a scary what-if question about the detailed digital profiles of our online and offline lives that are being created by "hundreds of privately owned, profit-driven companies operating with no meaningful oversight." Digital profiles are just a collection of 1s and 0s and are wide open to digital tampering or digital distortion. You could easily be made to appear to have done just about anything from visiting questionnable websites on the dark web, to buying things that you never actually bought or would have an interest in buying, to being in places in the physical world at given dates and times that you would never actually visit in real life. In other words, your digital profile(s) may make you appear to be a completely different person, doing completely different things, from who you objectively are in actuality. For now, these digital profiles mostly sit in data centers around the world, and try to serve ads to you. But what happens if someday your digital profile is weaponized against you? What happens in a situation where you need to prove that you are a morally upright, law-abiding person, and your digital profile(s) are accessed, and claim that you are anything but a moral, law-abiding person? What happens if these digital profiles are someday routinely examined by courts of law to determine whether you are a person of good character or not? What happens if one of your digital profiles is purposely leaked into the public realm someday, and your "digital mirror image" did all sorts of crappy things that you, in real life, would never do?

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


情報元へのリンク
14004024 submission
統計

男性高齢者、ほぼ3人に1人が就業

タレコミ by headless
headless 曰く、

9月16日の敬老の日にちなみ、総務省統計局が統計からみたわが国の高齢者(65歳以上)の人口と就業の状況についてまとめている(統計トピックスNo.121)。

9月15日現在の推計値では総人口が前年比26万人減の1億2,617万人となる一方、高齢者人口は32万人増の3,588万人、総人口比は0.3ポイント増の28.4%で、いずれも過去最高となっている。

70歳以上では98万人増の2,715万人で、男性が1,137万人、女性が1,578万人。女性の総人口に占める70歳以上の割合は24.4%となり、ほぼ4人に1人が70歳以上ということになる。男性の総人口に占める70歳以上の割合は18.5%。年齢階級別では65歳~69歳が66万人減の873万人となったのに対し、70歳~74歳は45万人増の867万人、75歳~79歳は32万人増の723万人となった。

日本の高齢者人口の割合は世界で最も高く、国連による7月1日現在の推計値ではイタリア(23.0%)とポルトガル(22.4%)、フィンランド(22.1%)が続いている。国立社会保障・人口問題研究所の推計によると、2065年には日本の高齢者人口の割合が38.4%に達する見込みだという。一方、国連の推計によれば韓国の2019年の高齢者人口の割合は15.1%だが、2050年には日本を上回り、2065年には42.1%に達する見込みとのこと。

高齢者の就業者数は15年連続で増加しており、2018年には過去最多の862万人(55万人増)となっている。うち男性は512万人で、就業率は33.2%となり、男性高齢者のほぼ3人に1人が就業していることになる。女性高齢者の就業者数は350万人、就業率は17.4%となっている。15歳以上の就業者総数に占める高齢者の割合は12.9%で、過去最高とのことだ。

14004021 feed

Slashdot: Google's Search Results Begin Prioritizing 'Original Reporting'

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
In the future Google will promote news articles that feature original reporting in its search results, the Hill reports. "While we typically show the latest and most comprehensive version of a story in news results, we've made changes to our products globally to highlight articles that we identify as significant original reporting," Richard Gingras, Google's vice president of news, said in a blog post. "Such articles may stay in a highly visible position longer. This prominence allows users to view the original reporting while also looking at more recent articles alongside it." On top of the change for individual articles, Google's search raters will also begin identifying outlets that have a track record of original reporting in order to boost their content in search results... For Google, the shift will mostly come in a change in guidelines for the 10,000 employees at the company who operate its search algorithms. The guidelines will now emphasize promoting an article that "provides information that would not otherwise have been known had the article not revealed it." And it will push raters to boost outlets with strong journalistic reputations. "Prestigious awards, such as the Pulitzer Prize award, or a history of high quality original reporting are strong evidence of positive reputation," the new guidelines read.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


情報元へのリンク
14004012 submission
ゲーム

英文化・メディア・スポーツ委員会、ゲーム内のガチャを賭博とみなして規制対象にするよう政府に勧告

タレコミ by headless
headless 曰く、

英国会の文化・メディア・スポーツ委員会がビデオゲーム内で現実の金銭を払って購入するloot box (ガチャ) を賭博とみなし、規制対象にするよう勧告している(委員会の報告書Ars Technicaの記事)。

これは委員会がまとめた没入型および常習性テクノロジーに関する報告書の結論の一つとして示されているものだ。報告書ではloot boxで得られるゲーム内アイテムが現実の金銭で取引されたり、無許可の賭博として使われることに対し、ゲーム業界の対策が十分ではないという賭博委員会の見解に合意。loot boxは2005年賭博法(PDF)で賭博として規定される「金銭に相当するもの (money's worth) を得るためにプレイする運に左右されるゲーム (game of chance)」に相当するとして、運に左右されるゲームを規定する賭博法第6条にloot boxを明記するよう勧告している。また、loot boxを含むゲームタイトルに「賭博」ラベルを添付するよう政府がPEGIに勧告すること、loot boxを通じて賭博に触れることによる子供への悪影響がないことが確認されるまで子供がプレイするゲームでloot boxを許可しないことなども挙げられている。

14004009 submission

糖尿病治療薬を使った危険なダイエットが出現? 1

タレコミ by Anonymous Coward
あるAnonymous Coward 曰く、
「サクセンダ」「ビクトーザ」などの製品名で知られる「遺伝子組み換えリラグルチド」という2型糖尿病治療薬を濫用したダイエット手法が出現し、「GLP-1ダイエット」といった名前で宣伝されているようだ。この物質は日本では肥満症の治療薬として承認されておらず、アメリカ病院薬剤師会が公開している専門家向けの文書には、発がん性の可能性などの注意とともに「体重と運動量管理が行き届いていない患者に対する第一選択としては推奨されない」と記されている。

情報元へのリンク
14003996 feed

Slashdot: Python 2 Sunsets in 107 Days. JPMorgan Isn't Ready

フィード by slashdotorg-feed
In 107 days, Python 2 -- first released in 2000 -- will officially sunset, according to an announcement this week by "volunteers who make and take care of the Python programming language." But according to TechRepublic, not everybody is ready: Given Python's popularity and ubiquity, the amount of business logic hinging on Python is quite vast, presenting an issue for organizations still clinging to Python 2. JPMorgan's Athena trading platform is one of those applications -- while access has only been available directly to clients since 2018, the Athena platform is used internally at JPMorgan for pricing, trading, risk management, and analytics, with tools for data science and machine learning. This extensive feature set utilizes over 150,000 Python modules, over 500 open source packages, and 35 million lines of Python code contributed by over 1,500 developers, according to data presented by Misha Tselman, executive director at J.P. Morgan Chase in a talk at PyData 2017. Migrating 35 million lines of code from Python 2 to Python 3 is quite the undertaking -- and JPMorgan is going to miss the deadline, according to eFinancialCareers, stating that JPMorgan's roadmap puts "most strategic components" compatible with Python 3 by the end of Q1 2020 -- that is, three months after the end of security patches -- with "all legacy Python 2.7 components" planned for compatibility with Python 3 by Q4 2020. Modern developer practices are needed to maintain a project of this scale -- fortunately, JPMorgan uses Continuous Delivery, with 10,000 to 15,000 production changes per week, according to Tselman. The eFinancialCareers site argues that banks "have been dragging their feet," adding that JPMorgan is not the only bank that still hasn't migrated to Python 3. The Python volunteers are pointing concerned individuals to the Python 2.7 Countdown Clock, and their announcement also links to a list of support and migration vendors, adding "If you can pay to hire someone to help you, post on the job board or hire a consultant. If you need free help from volunteers, look at this help page."

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


情報元へのリンク
typodupeerror

Stay hungry, Stay foolish. -- Steven Paul Jobs

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